and Sanitation Programmes
SSP helps rural communities seize opportunities provided by rural
water and sanitation sector reforms. SSP's strategy for managing
water resources is based on experiences and observations over the
past three years about how women's groups and local governments
can work together to improve water and sanitation services in targeted
local capacities, especially those of women, in planning, designing,
managing and maintaining water and sanitation services.
Supporting rural communities to achieve maximum mileage out of
rural water and sanitation sector reforms.
Gram Panchayats (local village governments) to commit themselves
to new approaches by facilitating village water and sanitation
committees and calling Gram Sabhas to involve the community.
women's collectives to monitor the developmental process.
livelihood activities related to the water sector.
cross-learning between different villages and surrounding areas.
has given programme support to Gram Panchayats in the form of the
to villages and Gram Sabhas with the participation of village
water and sanitation committees (VWSC), Gram Panchayat and SCG
village campaigns that stress sanitation and safe waste disposal
and the maintenance of kitchen gardens
with women's groups on repairs and the use of public toilets,
soak pit construction and waste collection
and maintenance of the water supply
construction of water tanks by way of voluntary or contract work.
role of SSP in this field is growing. In a World Bank- supported
project in Maharashtra, SSP is the only NGO reaching forty-five
villages in a community-driven water and sanitation project called
community sanitation has been pioneered by SSP since 2004, resulting
in over fifty villages and 5,000 families living in open defecation-free
villages. SSP is certified as a Key Resource Agency in the government-led
Total Sanitation Campaign in the districts of Osmanabad, Latur and
Nanded. The demand created in over 5,000 households has been used
by SSP to promote enterprise SHGs, federations in supply of sanitary
parts procurement and sales.
is the State level key resource center for Total Sanitation Campaign
in four districts in Maharashtra - TSC - Design quality assurance
criteria and methods. To increase sanitation awareness, SSP created
a Community Learning Agency called Shikwa which prepares and deploys
over 150 paraprofessionals to transfer knowledge and tools across
four districts. As a result, over 520 villages and 350 officials
from 16 districts learned from exposure visits and training programmes
organised by paraprofessional teams since 2004.
beneficiaries of SSP's innovation are the community members who
are directly involved in the water and sanitation projects of their
and nearby villages through advocacy, lobbying the government, mobilizing
peers, implementing and operating water and sanitation infrastructure
as well as those community members who are benefiting from the results
of the water and sanitation work in their villages.
in partnership with the government has reached a large number of
villages and households via its community mobilization approach
to water and sanitation. In the future, it plans to expand the reach
of its water and sanitation work to all the its operational villages
of three states. Beyond this, SSP endeavours to reach many others
through this work, as is discussed above.
Directly: Approximately 270 villages and over 40 000 households
have been directly reached by SSP's water and sanitation work in
Maharashtra and Gujarat. Additionally, it has directly trained and
built the capacity of 11 200 community members and government officials.
SSP has reached well over 200 000 households in 1000 villages in
Maharashtra and Gujarat. SSP has also indirectly contributed to
capacity building of 50 000 community members and government officials
(through training of trainers). It is important to note, however,
that the actual number of households and villages reached and individuals
trained indirectly by SSP's work is likely much greater than noted
above because indirect impact has been very difficult to measure.
has partnered with women's savings and credit self help groups and
local governments and leveraged these long standing partnerships
to mobilize and sustain communities on total sanitation issues.
acts as key resource agency to Government of Maharashtra on training
officials and organizations to centre stage women's participation
in the total sanitation approach. It has partnered with the World
Bank Water and Sanitation Program to document case studies and institutionalize
lessons in the mainstream Jalswarajya water and sanitation programs.
mobilizes and empowers communities to demand for, implement and
maintain water and sanitation related projects and utilize existing
government resources to maximize their impact.
Total Sanitation strategy sphere headed by women's groups in partnership
with their local governments is the model directly operating in
200 villages in Maharashtra and 67 villages in Gujarat. SSP will
first expand this model to all of SSP's operational villages across
three states (Maharashtra, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu) in which it currently
operates its other programs. Impact studies are done through self
assessment in successful clean villages year after year. Every year,
new champions are added to the list of innovators. They are supported
by SSP to lead the awareness campaign and transfer the lessons and
strategies to new communities who wish to transform themselves.
SSP advocates increased accountability of sanitation programs and
resources to women and community groups and highlights successful
practices at state, national and international levels. Furthermore,
as a member organization of GROOTS (Grassroots Organizations Operating
in Sisterhood) International, SSP shares best practices and innovations
with fellow members, which facilitates replication of its innovation
to areas beyond its geographical reach.